R&D&D Funding and Projects

A number of EU funding programmes are available relating to the Research, Development and Demonstration of sustainable advanced biofuels and related topics.

See below for a list of links to EC-SUPPORTED R&D&D PROJECTS on feedstocks, conversion, end use and deployment


Horizon 2020

On 21 June 2011 the EC announced the future EU funding programme for research and innovation: "Horizon 2020 - the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation". It came into force on 1 January 2014, after the end of FP7 on 31 Dec 2013.

DG Reseach & Innovation presentation from EBTP SPM6, Brussels, October 2014

View Keynote presentation given at EBTP SPM6 by Paul Verhoef, Head of Unit, Renewable Energy Sources, European Commission DG Reseach & Innovation


Horizon 2020 Calls

Several projects covering advanced biofuels technology and related areas have been selected for funding under the Horizon 2020 Programme. Examples include:


The purpose of the 2G BIOPIC project - Second Generation BIoethanol sustainable production based on Organosolv Process at atmospherIc Conditions - is to demonstrate the performance, reliability and sustainability of the whole value chain of production of bioethanol from agricultural residues and wood. 2G BIOPIC (2015-2018) aims to design, construct and optimize a second generation (2G) demonstration plant with a capacity of 1 T of biomass/h. This 2G plant is based on the scale-up and optimization of bioethanol production from an already validated pilot plan scale (50Kg/h) achieved in a previous project (FP7 BIOCORE).


Green Biologics is coordinator of the Horizon 2020 project ButaNext (2015 - 2018). The aims include:
(1) novel low CAPEX two-step pretreatment process that releases hemicellulose and cellulose from recalcitrant feedstocks for further enzymatic and/or fermentation processing;
(2) new tailored enzyme cocktail yielding highly fermentable sugars at low enzyme dosages and lower cost;
(3) superior clostridial strains with enhanced production characteristics i.e. butanol and inhibitor tolerance;
(4) high productivity fermentation process including a novel in-situ product recovery step.


PHOTFUEL - Biocatalytic solar fuels for sustainable mobility in Europe (2015-2019) - aims to demonstrate technology for producing drop-in hydrocarbon fuel components excreted direcly by microbial fuel cells using sunlight, CO2 and water. The project is coordinated by Volkswagen AG.


The Horizon2020 STEELANOL project (2015-2018) is based on producing bioethanol via an innovative gas fermentation process using exhaust gases emitted by the steel industry. The project is coordinated by Arcelormittal Belgium NV.


The BIOSURF consortium consists of 11 partners from 7 countries and strives to increase the production and use of biomethane (from animal waste, other waste materials and sustainable biomass), for grid injection and as transport fuel, by removing non-technical barriers and by paving the way towards a European biomethane market.

Where to find the latest Horizon2020 Calls

The Horizon 2020 portal lists a wide range of calls with different focus and deadlines. Calls directly linked to advanced biofuels and related topics are generally listed under Societal Challenges – Competitive Low-Carbon Energy (the links appear in purple on the index page). In addition, some related aspects of biotechnology, sustainable feedstocks and transport innovations are included under other call topics. For example, the 2014 calls included:

In November 2013, the EC published the Draft Work Programme for 2014-2015 including the draft work programme for Secure, Clean and Efficient Energy . The energy work programme includes B.2.11.: Supporting first-of-a-kind, commercial-scale industrial demonstration projectsin the field of competitive low carbon energy

Meeting the EU energy goals for 2020 and beyond will require continuous development and commercialisation of new generations of low carbon energy technologies and systems. First of-a-kind commercial demonstration projects are essential to show the technical and commercial viability at industrial scale of new generations of energy technologies. These actions are predominant in the Strategic Energy Technology (SET) Plan roadmaps notably regarding wind energy, solar energy, sustainable bioenergy, CCS, storage etc. A key barrier toimplementing first-of-a-kind demonstration projects is the lack of finance for high risk/return projects due to their pre-commercial development stage and the unproven nature of the technologies concerned at industrial scale.

This action aims to establish a sub-facility for making loans to first-of-a-kind demonstration projects in the field of energy or extending guarantees to financial intermediaries who will make such loans. The projects supported will aim to scale up technologies currently at Technology Reference Level (TRL) 6 to TRL 8.

Wider sustainable transport R&D (including gas and hybrid/electric road vehicles) is covered by the Draft Work Programme for Smart, green and integrated transport.

The latest news and information on Horizon 2020 is included in the online Horizon Magazine

Horizon 2020 will support a Bio-based Industries JTI, with the EC and Member States contributing €1 billion over the next seven years. A further €2.8 billion will be contributed by industry.

"Horizon 2020 - the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation is not just a new name for the same Framework Programme. It is the name for the new, integrated funding system that will cover all research and innovation funding currently provided through the Framework Programme for Research and Technical Development, the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP) and the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT). These different types of funding will be brought together in a coherent and flexible manner. Research and innovation funding will focus clearly on addressing global challenges. Needless red tape will be cut out and access to programs and participation will be made easier and simpler."

Horizon 2020 Press Release


InnovFin Energy Demonstration Projects (EDP) facility

In June 2015, the EC and the European Investment Bank launched the InnovFin Energy Demo Projects (EDP) Facility, which enables the EIB to finance innovative first-of-a-kind demonstration projects in the field of renewable energy and hydrogen/fuel cells. The EIB provides loans between EUR 7.5m and EUR 75m.

InnovFin – EU Finance for Innovators is a joint initiative by the EIB Group and the European Commission under Horizon 2020, the EU framework for research and innovation ("R&I") 2014-2020. InnovFin builds on the success of the Risk-Sharing Finance Facility developed under the seventh EU framework for research and technological development (FP7), which for the period 2007-2013 financed 114 R&I projects of EUR 11.3bn and provided loan guarantees for another EUR 1.4bn.

The new facility will support cutting-edge energy technology projects that may otherwise not be bankable during their pre-commercial stage, covering the higher risk faced during the construction and initial operating stages. Specifically, InnovFin Energy Demo Projects will provide loans to first-of-a-kind commercial-scale industrial demonstration projects in the fields of renewable energy and hydrogen and fuel cells, helping to bridge the gap from demonstration to commercialisation and contributing to the broader objectives of the Energy Union and the Strategic Energy Technology (SET) Plan.


ERA-NET+ BESTF - Results of first call for proposals: 3 projects to be supported to demonstrate innovative technology for EIBI values chains

The first three BESTF projects have been funded. Summary informaiton is included in the table below. More detailed information will be added shortly. View further information on the European Industrial Bioenergy Initiative and the seven EIBI value chains.

All 3 projects will commence on 1 April 2014 and continue for 36 months.

1. BioProGReSS

Partners: Göteborg Energi AB, Chalmers University of Technology, TU Berlin, Renewable Energy Technology International AB (Renewtec)
Countries: Sweden, Germany
EIBI Value Chains: 2, 1, 3
Project summary: Demonstration of a novel technology to simplify gas clean-up following biomass gasification. Chemical looping reforming will be used to reform the tars and the olefins directly after the gasifier.



Partners: DONG Energy Thermal Power A/S, Neste Oil Oyj
Denmark, Finland
EIBI Value chains: 6, 5
Project summary: Demonstration of microbial oil production from lignocellulosic sugars from straw for production of high quality drop-in biofuels, renewable diesel and jet fuel.

3. BioSNG

Partners: Advanced Plasma Power Limited, National Grid PLC, Progressive Energy Ltd, Schmack Carbotech GmbH
Countries: Germany, UK
EIBI Value chains: 2, 3
Project summary: Demonstration of the production of grid quality BioSNG via gasification in a once-through process, without recycle, a minimum number of reactor vessels, at modest pressure and temperature, and with a high rate of heat recuperation.


Launch of ERA-NET+ BESTF2 In December 2013

BESTF2 funds will be used to support bioenergy demonstration projects that fit into one or more of seven EIBI value chains. ERA-NET+ BESTF2 Bioenergy Sustaining the Future is implemented by a consortium of seven EU Member States and Associated Countries, including UK, Germany, Denmark, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland. The activity will provide funding and support to collaborative bioenergy projects that demonstrate one or more innovative steps resulting in demonstration at a pre-commercial stage. The previous competition launched on 7th January 2013. Further details and Call Guildelines can be found at the BESTF2 website:

The first BESTF competition was launched in January 2013. Information is available from the original BESTF website.

View BESTF2 Video presentations



The NER300 competition was established under Article 10a(8) of the Emissions Trading Directive 2009/29/EC, and is detailed in the Decision C(2010) 7499. NER300 is an instrument to allocate 300M allowances, under the New Entrants' Reserve of the ETS, to CCS demonstration projects and to innovative renewables, including bioenergy and advanced biofuels. The competition is detailed in Decision C(2010) 7499.

NER300 Second Call Results

In April 2013, The European Commission, Directorate-General for Climate Action, announced the second Call for Proposals for innovative renewable energy and carbon capture and storage projects under NER300. Member States submitted 33 project proposals by 3 July 2013.

On 8 July 2014 it was announced that 6 advanced bioenergy /biofuels projects would receive funding under the second call for proposals of the NER300 funding programme for innovative low-carbon technologies.


Project Name



Bioenergy (MSW-to-ethanol)




Bioenergy (cellulosic ethanol)




Bioenergy (fast pyrolysis)

Fast Pyrolysis



Bioenergy (gasification/torrefaction)




Bioenergy (pyrolysis/CHP)

CHP Biomass Pyrolysis



Bioenergy (Bio-SNG)




MET, Denmark

The Maabjergenergy Concept project targets commercial-scale production of second generation ethanol from plant dry matter in Holstebro, Denmark. The plant will produce 64.4 Ml of ethanol, 77,000 t of lignin pellets, 1.51 MNm3 of methane and 75,000 t of liquid waste annually which will be transformed into biogas and injected into the national gas grid after its upgrade into methane. The process will use 250,000 t/year of locally sourced straw.

Fast pyrolysis, Estonia

Pyrolysis is a thermochemical decomposition of organic material at elevated temperatures in the absence of oxygen to produce gas and liquid products. The project concerns fast pyrolysis technology for conversion of woody biomass to pyrolysis oil, the liquid product of this technology. Annual feedstock needs are 130,000 t of woodchips. The plant in Pärnu, Estonia, will also receive energy inputs from a combined heat and power (CHP) plant and deliver by-products as inputs to the CHP plant. Annual output of pyrolysis oil is expected to be 50,000 t which will be exported to Sweden and Finland to replace heavy fuel oil in power plants.

TORR, Estonia

Torrefaction of biomass is a mild form of pyrolysis (see fast pyrolysis project above) at low temperatures typically ranging between 200 and 320°C. The project concerns a torrefaction plant in Rakke, Estonia, for the production of 100 kt/year of bio-coal from 260 kt/year of local woody biomass. The project includes a biomass gasification CHP unit that will provide heat and power to the plant. The technology has been developed in order to use cheaper feedstock (low quality biomass) to produce an intermediate product with a high calorific value.

CHP Biomass pyrolysis, Latvia

The project concerns fast pyrolysis technology for conversion of woody biomass to pyrolysis oil in Jelgava, Latvia. The project plant will receive energy inputs from a CHP plant and deliver by-products of the pyrolysis as inputs to the CHP plant. Annual output of pyrolysis oil is expected to be 40,000 tonnes. Feedstock needs are 100,000 t of woodchips/year. The bio-oil will be exported to Sweden and Finland to replace heavy fuel oil use in energy installations.

W2B, Spain

This Waste-to-Biofuels (W2B) project concerns a municipal solid waste (MSW) to bio-ethanol plant with a capacity of 28 Ml/y. It is envisaged that the plant will be built in Seville, Spain. A total of 500 kt/year of MSW will be processed to recover the organic matter and cellulosic fibres. These will be converted into second generation bio-ethanol via enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation.

Bio2G, Sweden

The project aims to demonstrate the large-scale production of synthetic natural gas (SNG) from woody biomass. The capacity of the plant is 200 MWth of SNG. Pressurised SNG will be fed into an existing natural gas pipeline. The process will use some 1 Mt/year of woody biomass, mainly composed of forest residue. Two project locations are under consideration within the environmental permitting process: Landskrona or Malmö, Sweden.

NER300 First Call Results

On 8 July 2014 it was announced that 6 advanced bioenergy /biofuels projects would receive funding under the second call for proposals of the NER300 funding programme for innovative low-carbon technologies.

On 18 December 2012 it was announced that five advanced biofuels projects and three bioenergy projects would receive funding after the first call for proposals of the NER300 funding programme for innovative low-carbon technologies. In recent months, two of the projects have discontinued due to concerns over the long term regulatory environment for advanced biofuesl in Europe. Another may not proceed for similar reasons. See below.

Details are included in MEMO/12/999: Questions and Answers on the outcome of the first call for proposals under the NER300 programme

The successful projects included:





Bioenergy (advanced biofuels)

Ajos BTL



Bioenergy (advanced biofuels)




Bioenergy (advanced biofuels)

CEG Plant Goswinowice



Bioenergy (advanced biofuels

UPM Stracel BTL



Bioenergy (advanced biofuels)





Gobigas phase 2











In total, the European Commission awarded over €1.2 billion to 23 highly innovative renewable energy demonstration projects. The projects cover a wide range of renewable energy technologies - from bioenergy (including advanced biofuels), concentrated solar power and geothermal power to wind power, ocean energy and distributed renewable management (smart grids). The projects will be hosted in 16 EU Member States: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. No CCS projects were included as Member States could not confirm funding.

This announcement follows the publication in July 2012, of interim results of the selection With the bulk of the project selection work completed, the technical document takes stock of progress and includes preliminary lists of candidate and reserve projects that could be awarded co-funding.

In October 2012, the Commission asked Member States to confirm the projects and national co-funding. The Candidates for Award Decisions within the renewable energy section were detailed in SWD(2012) 224 final: NER300 - Moving towards a low carbon economy and boosting innovation, growth and employment across the EU

In December 2013, BillerudKorsnäs announced that it would not continue to develop the Pyrogrot project.

In February 2014, The Board of Directors of Vapo Oy made the decision to freeze project planning for the biodiesel plant planned for Ajos in Kemi. According to the companys's press release: The final, decisive blow to the project was that the EU’s climate and energy strategy published in January did not agree on new binding limits for the share of the renewable component in traffic fuels after 2020. “In this situation it is not possible to conclude long-term commitments, which would have created the financial preconditions for Vapo’s biodiesel project.”

A final decision on whether or not the UP Stracel BtL facility will proceed is reportedly pending, due to ongoing uncertainty over the regulatory environment for advanced biofuels in Europe.

Background to NER300

The EU ETS is the largest multi-country, multi-sector greenhouse gas emissions trading system in the world. The New Entrants Reserve (NER) is a set aside of EU allowances, reserved for new operators or existing operators who have significantly increased capacity.

On 9th November 2010 The European Commission, Directorate-General for Climate Action, announced the first Call for Proposals for innovative renewable energy and carbon capture and storage projects under the NER300 competition (formally launched the 09/11/2011 in the Official Journal).

The closing date for project sponsors to submit application forms to their Member States was 9 February 2011.

The deadline for Member States to complete an eligibility assessment and forward the application with the submission forms to the European Investment Bank was 9 May 2011.

Overview of EC Funding Programmes relevant to Biofuels


Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) for Research and Technological Development was the EU's main instrument for funding research in Europe from 2007-2013. FP7 was designed to respond to Europe's employment needs, competitiveness and quality of life. It has been superceded by Horizon2020.

FP7 information on Europa and Cordis

NER300 refers to an instrument to allocate 300M allowances under the New Entrants' Reserve of the Emissions Trading Directive 2009/29/EC to CCS demonstration projects and to innovative renewables.

NER300.com is an unofficial, independent portal dedicated to renewable energy and grid integration projects wishing to access this instrument, providing news and analysis.

Horizon 2020 will start on 1st January 2014 and run for seven years, bringing together the framework programme and other EC innovation/research funding programmes into a new integrated funding system. Horizon 2020 will support a Bio-based Industries JTI, with the EC and Member States contributing €1 billion over the next seven years. A further €2.8 billion will be contributed by industry.

Intelligent Energy Europe funds various projects relating to sustainable feedstocks and sustainable transport, including gas vehicles.

InnovFin Energy Demo Projects (EDP) Facility enables the EIB to finance innovative first-of-a-kind demonstration projects in the field of renewable energy and hydrogen/fuel cells.

INTERREG IVC financed by the European Regional Development Fund,
helps regions of Europe share knowledge and transfer experience to
improve regional policy, and supports projects relating to sustainable feedstocks for bioenergy and biofuels (e.g. algae, forest, etc).

European Industrial Bioenergy Initiative - one of the industrial initiatives to accelerate key energy technologies for a low-carbon future under the SET Plan, with risk and investment "shared" by the EU, Member States and industry. More details on EIBI are due to be announced in autumn 2010.


EC-Supported Research, Development and Demonstration Projects

ALL Gas - Industrial scale Demonstration of Sustainable Algae Culture for Biofuels Production (FP7 - 268208)

This project will use wastewater, and will introduce a patented 'Light Enhancement Factor (LEF)', to increase the biomass yield of raceway ponds. The residual algae will be digested with wastewater solids to produce biogas, which will be purified and used as fuel for at least 200 vehicles. Additional CO2 will be generated via thermal conversion of agricultural residues and digestate from algal residues.


AQUAFUELS - Algal and other suitable non-food aquatic biomass feedstock for 2nd generation biofuel production (FP7 - 241301)


The project, supported under FP7, started in January 2010. AquaFUELS will establish the state of the art on research, technological development and demonstration activities regarding the exploitation of various algal and other suitable non-food aquatic biomasses for 2nd generation biofuels production. The project will elaborate an overall assessment on the technology, and identify major research and industrial needs. The surveys and assessments produced by AquaFUELS will address the full life cycle analysis - from collection to fuel use - in terms of environmental, economic and social sustainability. The project will bring together a critical mass of ongoing research activities, that will be actively involved in the preparation of surveys as well as in the elaboration of the assessment studies and identification of future needs. Creating and maximizing synergies among these initiatives is one of major project results. Finally, the project will establish the first European Algae Association that will promote mutual interchange and cooperation in the field of algal biomass research, production and use.

AquaTerrE - Integrated European Network for biomass and waste reutilisation for Bioproducts


Aims to promote the cooperation between research centres, business and other stakeholders in Europe devoted to the research, development and application of biomass and biofuel production and valorisation. The main goal of AquaTerrE is to make an inventory of existing biomass feedstocks in Europe and quantify the potential and identify of the best ones. In addition, to study the best possibilities for implementing different biomass sources in different environments to improve their utilisation. Pursuing this target, literature and data survey and current research review will be carried out. AquaTerrE will also mapo European biomass feedstocks using different tools, such as Geographical Information Systems (GIS).

BEE - Biomass Energy Europe (FP7 - 213417)


The objective of the project is to harmonise biomass resource assessments, focusing on the availability of biomass for energy in Europe and its neighbouring regions. This harmonisation will improve the consistency, accuracy and reliability of biomass assessments, which can serve the planning of a transition to renewable energy in the European Union.

BioAlgaeSorb (FP7)


BioAlgaeSorb will focus on enabling European SMEs to remediate wastes, reduce Green House Gass emissions and produce biofuels via microalgae cultivation. The project addresses specific needs of several key European SME groupings, via integration of technologies for effluent water remediation and production and exploitation of microalgae biomass for mitigation of climate change (renewable energy generation, carbon dioxide capture) as well as production of valuable bio-products using a biorefinery approach.


BIOCARD - Global Process to Improve Cynara cardunculus Exploitation for Energy Applications (FP6 - 19829)

The proposal aims at demonstrating technical and economical feasibility of a global process for cardoon (Cynara cardunculus L.) exploitation for energy applications. This energy crop is appropriated for Mediterranean Area, where high problems about water insufficient exist. A combined process to produce a low-cost liquid biofuel from seeds and energy from lignocellulosic biomass is proposed. Different technologies for biomass energy conversion will be researched and compared in order to increase competitiveness and improve the costs. New heterogeneous catalysis for liquid biofuel production will be tested.



The BIOCLUS project is focused on the sustainable use of biomass resources and aims at boosting regional competitiveness and growth in five European cluster regions: Central Finland, Navarre (Spain), Western Macedonia (Greece), Slovakia and Wielkopolska (Poland). This is achieved by:

  • Promoting scientific, strategic and business competence at cluster and consortium level
  • Developing collaboration capabilities in the clusters and consortium level
  • Improving innovation to business environment by mutual learning and by mentoring.

The BIOCLUS project is funded by FP7 and is coordinated by JAMK, University of Applied Sciences, Jyväskylä, Finland.

BIOFAT Biofuel From Algae Technologies (FP7 - 268211)


The BIOFAT demonstration project aims to integrate the entire value chain in the production of ethanol and biodiesel. The process begins with strain selection and proceeds to biological optimization of the culture media, monitored algae cultivation, low-energy harvesting and technology integration. The project will be implemented in two phases: 1) Process optimization in two pilot scale facilities, each of 0.5 ha size, located in Italy and Portugal; and 2) Economical modeling and scale-up to a 10-hectare demo facility. The project will also demonstrate the algorefinery concept with production of added value products in addition to biofuel. BIOFAT is coordinated by Abengoa Bioenergia Nuevas Tecnologias (ABNT). Partners include University of Florence, A4F-AlgaFuel (Portugal), Ben-Gurion University (Israel), Fotosintetica & Microbiologica (Italy), Evodos (Neherlands), AlgoSource Technologies (France), IN SRL (Italy) and Hart Energy (Belgium).


BioGrace - Align biofuel GHG emission calculations in Europe (with focus on Biofuels) (ALTENER 2010-2012)

BioGrace II - Harmonised GHG Calculations for Electricity, Heating and Cooling (2012-2015)

Website     More info

The project aims to harmonise calculations of biofuel greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) that are performed in the European Union under legislation implementing the Renewable Energy Directive and the Fuel Quality Directive, and aims to provide guidance to stakeholders (economic operators, auditors, advisors) that will make such GHG calculations. This guidance will be available late 2010 when the two directives must be implemented in national legislation.

The two directives give a GHG calculation methodology but do not include conversion factors to be used. As a result, the current practice is that calculations as performed by different stakeholders give different results even when performed on the same biofuel. The BioGrace project will harmonise these calculations by providing a common set of conversion factors. National legislators will be requested to refer to it.

Guidance to stakeholders will consist of Excel files and user-friendly GHG calculators that show how to reproduce the GHG default values as listed in the directives, and allow stakeholders to perform calculations themselves.
An important part of the project is to disseminate the project results to European stakeholders through a website, meetings and a series of workshops.


BIOMARA - Sustainable Fuels from Marine Biomass (INTERREG IVA)


The will investigate the feasibility of macroalgae and microalgae as alternatives to terrestrial agri-fuel production. uring the Biomara project, wild strains of microalgae characterised by high oil content and high stress resistance will be screened to identify those capable of sustained growth in outdoor conditions. Initially these will be grown on a small scale at SAMS. Additional work will focus both on industrial sites and on artificial blooms with fixed conditions.


Biomass Futures (IEE)


The Biomass Futures Project will assess the role that biomass can play in meeting EU energy policy targets. It will develop tailored information packages for stakeholders, as well as inform and support policy makers at both the European and national levels. The project will define the key factors likely to influence biomass supply, demand and uptake over the next twenty years (meeting the RED targets). Among other factors, partners will examine the EU heat, electricity-CHP and transport markets; supply and demand dynamics; the effects of indirect land use change, water use and social aspects on future biomass supply, etc.


Biomass Policies (IEE)


Biomass Policies will build up a consistent knowledge base both for the efficient resource mobilisation (sustainability criteria ; costs, logistics, availability) and for the assessment of resource efficient biomass value chains (with a set of consistent technical indicators) based on recent information from three recent studies (Biobench; Biomass Futures and a study for EEA).

This information will be further used to develop integrated and tailored policies for the mobilisation of resource efficient indigenous bioenergy value chains in order to contribute towards the 2020 bioenergy targets set within NREAPs & 2030, and other EU27/ national policy measures. It will do so through concise collaboration with selected Energy Agencies (in the participating countries, i.e. AT, BE, DE, EL, ES, HR, IE, NL, PL, SK, UK) and key stakeholders from the policy and market fields.

As a result the project will provide answers and guidance to the following policy related issues:

  • How to support mobilization of important indigenous biomass resources, for which value chains and how to address resource efficiency in policy, through co-generation, cascading use of biomass, biorefinery approaches?
  • How to optimise with various national sustainability rules?
  • How to address different scales (domestic; industrial; CHP, etc.) of biomass use in policy?
  • How to engage cooperation mechanisms (particularly the joint projects) to mobilise relatively cheap indigenous biomass resources and contribute towards achieving the RES targets cost-effectively?
  • How should the future support schemes look like?

The project started 1st April 2013 and will be running to March 2016.


CEUBIOM - Classification of European Biomass Potential for Using Terrestrial and Earth Observations (FP7 - 213634)


The main objective of the project is to develop a common methodology for gathering information on biomass potential using terrestrial and earth observations. This objective will be achieved by the implementation of a systematic assessment work plan and will result in the establishment of a harmonised approach and an e-training tool for dissemination. The e-training environment will be an important tool for reaching the much needed European harmonisation, whereas a Stakeholder Platform will facilitate access to reliable and common datasets on biomass potential and as such it will offer a more efficient use of the available European biomass feedstock.


DEMA - Direct Ethanol from MicroAlgae

More information

The DEMA project runs from 01.12.2012 to 31.05.2017. The Consortium, coodinated by University of Limerick, Ireland, will develop, demonstrate and licence a complete economically competitive technology for the direct production of bioethanol from microalgae with low-cost scalable photobioreactors by 2016. Initial proof-of-concept results show via Life Cycle Assessments (LCA) and economic balance that it is feasible to use microalgae to produce bioethanol for less than 0.40 per litre. The catalytic conversion of solar energy, H2O and CO2 into ethanol will be carried out by a metabolically engineered strain of the cyanobacterium, Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803.


D-FACTORY CO2 Algae Biorefinery (FP7)

More information

D-Factory is a four-year 10m Euro project to develop the microalga Dunaliella as a sustainable raw material that captures carbon dioxide and can grow in some of the world’s harshest environments. The project will build a biorefinery called the 'D-Factory'. The 13 D-Factory partners include:
Universities and research institutes: University of Greenwich, UK; National Technical University of Athens, Greece; Institute for Energy and Environmental Research Heidelberg, Germany; Marine Biological Association, UK.
Small and medium enterprises (SMEs): A4F AlgaFuel S.A., Portugal; Nature Beta Technologies, Israel; SPTechnical Research Institute of Sweden; Dynamic Extractions, UK; NateCO2, Germany; Instituto de Biologia Experimental e Tecnologica, Portugal; Evodos, Netherlands; Hafren Investments, UK; IN, Italy.




EnAlgae brings together 19 partners and 14 observers across seven EU Member States. The project is developing sustainable technologies for algal biomass production, bioenergy and greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation, taking them from pilot facilities through to market-place products and services. By developing and sharing nine pilot-scale facilities across Europe, cost and access barriers can be overcome. The facilities will also give plant operators the ability to experience the full range of physical parameters (ranging from rural countryside to industrialised areas) that are present within the region.




ENERGYPOPLAR aims to develop energy poplar trees with both desirable cell-wall traits and high biomass yield under sustainable low-input conditions to be used as a source of cellulosic feedstock for bioethanol production.

The project has received an EC contribution of € 3 million in the frame of the priority "Life Sciences, Biotechnology and Biochemistry for Sustainable Non-Food Products and Processes". This project has started on the 1st March 2008 and it will last for 4 years.

The consortium ENERGYPOPLAR, composed of 10 public and private European partners is coordinated by Francis Martin, from the INRA of Nancy. The EC Scientific Officer is Dr. Piero Venturi (Directorate Agriculture, Food and Biotechnologies, DG RTD).


FUEL4ME, FUture European League 4 Microalgal Energy

FUEL4ME is a 4-year project funded by the EU, which is aiming to develop a sustainable, scalable process for biofuels from microalgae and to valorize the by-products by 2017. The specific aims are:

1. To develop a continuous one-step process in which the lipid productivity in microalgae cultures is maximized and the lipid profile is optimized for the biofuel production.

2. To translate the developed one-step process to outdoor, thereby achieving a robust and reliable production process with short downtime, continuous year round lipid production under different climates and an oil production of constant quality.

3. To develop and integrate an innovative and continuous downstream process for conversion of microalgae into biofuels with consistent volume and quality, resulting into a technically feasible and sustainable process chain.

4. To demonstrate the capability of the optimised process at a pilot scale under representative industrial conditions in a pilot facility in Spain.

5. To assess the environmental, social and economic sustainability of the continuous production and conversion process developed by Fuel4me consortium.



FutureForest (INTERREG IVC)


A partnership of regions sharing ideas on how the forests of Europe could adapt to climate change using innovative natural solutions, contribute towards carbon sequestration and reduce risks caused by climate change such as flooding, drought, fire and soil erosion. In particular it looks at: adaptation of forests to maintain their resilience; how forests can help society adapt to the impacts of climate change; and how trees and timber can do more than just lock away carbon. This will be achieved through: study visits to see examples of practice guidelines and then promoting new best practice across the project regions; workshops on transferable good practice guides, policy recommendations, strategic guidelines, forest programmes and policy tools; exchange of experiences, transfer of policy and good practice guides, between the regions, European public authorities and key stakeholders.


GIAVAP Genetic Improvement of Algae for Value Added Product (FP7)


A large scale integrating project involving twelve partners from five European and one associated country. The consortium will adapt genetic engineering techniques to various algal strains of economic interest focusing on carotenoid and PUFA production and the overexpression of peptides of commercial value. In parallel the project will develop cultivation technologies, harvesting and extraction methods using model algae strains and suitable improved strains. Techniques developed could potentially also have applications in the energy field.


Global-Bio-Pact - Global Assessment of Biomass and Bioproduct Impacts on Socio-economics and Sustainability (FP7-245085)


The main aim of the Global-Bio-Pact project is the development and harmonisation of global sustainability certification systems for biomass production, conversion systems and trade in order to prevent negative socio-economic impacts.

Emphasis is placed on a detailed assessment of the socio-economic impacts of raw material production and a variety of biomass conversion chains. The impact of biomass production on global and local food security and the links between environmental and socio-economic impacts is analysed. Furthermore, the Global-Bio-Pact project investigates the impact of biomass production on food security and the interrelationship of global sustainability certification systems with the international trade of biomass and bioproducts as well as with the public perception of biomass production for industrial uses.

Finally, Global-Bio-Pact develops a set of socio-economic sustainability criteria and indicators for inclusion into a future effective certification scheme, and the project elaborates recommendations on how to best integrate socio-economic sustainability criteria in European legislation and policies on biomass and bioproducts.


InteSusAl - Demonstration of Integrated & Sustainable enclosed raceway and photobioreactor microalgae cultivation with biodiesel production and validation (FP7 - 26816)

Aims to cultivate 1,500 dry tonnes from 10 ha over 18 months, which will be used to produce 580 tonnes of FAME biodiesel. Glycerine, will be used to enahnce alagal growth rates. The production site will be be developed near the site of the existing E-BIO biodiesel production plant.


MED-ALGAE Production of biodiesel from Algae in selected Mediterranean Countries (ENPI CBC Mediterranean Sea Basin Programme)


The ~2.0 million Euro MED-ALGAE project "Production of biodiesel from Algae in selected Mediterranean Countries", started in 2014 and runs for 36 months. The methodology includes all stages in the production of biodiesel from microalgae: sampling of seawater or freshwater, the selection of microalgae, species identification, cultivation of microalgae, harvesting and extraction of biodiesel and determination of properties of biodiesel produced in accordance with Standard EN14214 and its testing. Five pilots will be established in each participating country: Cyprus, Italy, Malta, Lebanon and Egypt. The project is implemented under the ENPI CBC Mediterranean Sea Basin Programme. The total cost of the Project is estimated at ~2 million Euro and is financed for ~1.8 million Euro, by the European Union through the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument.




The utilization of microalgae for the conversion of carbon dioxide and water into chemicals and fuels, to directly replace finite fossil fuels and products. The project will fund a consortium of 9 groups and provide trans-European training for a network of PhD students.

The project PHOTO.COMM was proposed with the purpose of “Design and engineering of photosynthetic aquatic communities for sustainable industrial use”. This will involve extensive collaboration between the group of Professor Poul Erik Jensen (Coordinator, Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Copenhagen) with groups from the University of Warwick (headed by Professor Colin Robinson), and from the Universities of Cambridge, Turku, Freiburg and Technion (Israel Institute of Technology). 

The project furthermore includes close collaboration with three European companies, AlgaFuel, Novagreen and Algae Biotech, who will test strains under full production conditions in state of the art photobioreactors. The aim is the development of novel, carbon-neutral production platforms and the ultimate establishment of state of the art photobioreactor technology in Denmark. 




The ROKWOOD project will support the cooperation between six European research-driven clusters in order to improve research and technological development (RTD), market uptake and to increase investments in wooden biomass production and utilisation schemes at regional level. The six participating regional clusters will be co-ordinated in order to develop a Joint Action Plan (JAP) at European level to drive economic development through research and technological development activities in the selected topics of sustainable production and efficient use of wooden biomass.


SUNBIOPATH - towards a better sunlight to biomass conversion efficiency in microalgae (FP7 245070)


Further information

SUNBIOPATH - towards a better sunlight to biomass conversion efficiency in microalgae - is an integrated program of research aimed at improving biomass yields and valorisation of biomass for two Chlorophycean photosynthetic microalgae, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Dunaliella salina. Biomass yields will be improved at the level of primary processes that occur in the chloroplasts (photochemistry and sunlight capture by the light harvesting complexes) and in the cell (biochemical pathways and signalling mechanisms that influence ATP synthesis).

Optimal growth of the engineered microalgae will be determined in photobioreactors, and biomass yields will be tested using a scale up approach in photobioreactors of different sizes (up to 250 L), some of which being designed and built during SUNBIOPATH. Biomethane production will be evaluated. Compared to other biofuels, biomethane is attractive because the yield of biomass to fuel conversion is higher. Valorisation of biomass will also be achieved through the production of biologicals. Significant progress has been made in the development of chloroplast genetic engineering in microalgae such as Chlamydomonas, however the commercial exploitation of this technology still requires additional research.

SUNBIOPATH will address the problem of maximising transgenic expression in the chloroplast and will develop a robust system for chloroplast metabolic engineering by developing methodologies such as inducible expression and trans-operon expression. A techno economic analysis will be made to evaluate the feasibility of using these algae for the purposes proposed (biologicals production in the chloroplast and/or biomethane production) taking into account their role in CO2 mitigation.


SWEETFUEL - Sweet sorghum: an alternative energy crop (FP7 - 227422)


Sweet sorghum, as a source of either fermentable free sugars or lignocellulosics, has many potential advantages, including: high water, nitrogen and radiation use efficiency; broad agro-ecological adaptation; rich genetic diversity for useful traits; and the potential to produce fuel feedstock, food and feed in various combinations. Fuel-food crops can thereby help reconciling energy and food security issues. This project will breed for improved cultivars and hybrids of sorghum for temperate, tropical semi-arid and tropical acid-soil environments by pyramiding in various combinations, depending on region and ideotype, tolerance to cold, drought and acid (Al-toxic) soils; and high production of stalk sugars, easily digestible biomass and grain. SweetFuel aims also to identify and recommend the best cultural and harvest practices to make the system more sustainable and to provide for integrated technology and impact assessments including economics, dissemination and coordination. Research involves structured participation of stake holders, including policy makers. Project outcomes will be new germplasm, sustainable practices and commodity chain concepts adapted to each target region. (Source: EPSO)



The Volante Project (Vision of Land Use Transition in Europe) will provide an interdisciplinary scientific basis to inform land use and natural resource management policies and decision-making. It will achieve this by advancing knowledge in land system science and using this knowledge to develop a   Roadmap for future land rsource management in Europe and will design new methodologies and integrated models to analyse human environment interactions, feedbacks in land use systems, hotspots of land use transitions and identify critical thresholds in land system dynamics. The Roadmap will bring together this science-base with key players in research, policy, business and NGOs, and will be a significant European Science Policy Briefing for the years to come in the promotion of multifunctional and sustainable pathways of land system change.

2G BIOPIC (Horizon 2020)
Project information

The purpose of the 2G BIOPIC project - Second Generation BIoethanol sustainable production based on Organosolv Process at atmospherIc Conditions - is to demonstrate the performance, reliability and sustainability of the whole value chain of production of bioethanol from agricultural residues and wood. 2G BIOPIC (2015-2018) aims to design, construct and optimize a second generation (2G) demonstration plant with a capacity of 1 T of biomass/h. This 2G plant is based on the scale-up and optimization of bioethanol production from an already validated pilot plan scale (50Kg/h) achieved in a previous project (FP7 BIOCORE).

AER-GAS II Biomass Fluidised bed Gasification with in-situ Hot Gas Cleaning (FP6 - 518309)


The project aims to develop a low-cost gasification process with integrated in-situ gas cleaning for the conversion of biomass into a product gas with high hydrogen concentration, high heating value, low CO2-content, no nitrogen and low tar/alkali/sulphur concentration in one process step for subsequent power production.

BABETHANOL - a collaborative research project between Europe and Latin America for the development of more sustainable processes for 2nd generation biofuel from lignocellulosic biomass and the definition of new local feedstocks out of competition for the food industry (FP7 227498)


BABETHANOL will develop solutions for a more sustainable approach of 2nd generation renewable ethanol, based on a “moderate, environmental-friendly and integrated” transformation process that should be applicable to an expanded range of lignocellulosic feedstocks. The new process, called CES, will be an alternative to the costly processes of the state-of-the-art, notably the current pre-treatments requiring much energy, water, chemical products, detoxification and waste treatment. CES will be developed and tested from laboratory to semi-industrial pilot-scale with different feedstocks. During the first period of the project, several lignocellulosic materials selected for their expected potential for conversion to 2nd generation ethanol, have been fully characterized by INPT, UNAM, CIEMAT and UCR.

BABILAFUENTE - Project for the Production of 200 Million Litres of Bioethanol in Babilafuente (Salamanca) from Cereals and Lignocellulose (FP5 - NNE5 - 00685)
Website     Further information

This project was related to the construction of a bioethanol plant in Babilafuente (Spain) that would represent a significant change in the ethanol production system. The new process, using biomass as feedstock, aimed to reduce the costs associated with lignocellulosic bioethanol technology, by creating the first plant of its kind within the EU. It aimed to demonstrate the integration of the existing technology and practices with quickly delivered research and new technological developments throughout the entire product chain, from feedstock production to final use.


BIGPOWER - Advanced biomass gasification for high efficiency power FP6 - 500311


The BiGPower project aims to develop reliable, cost-effective and fuel flexible gasification technologies for high-efficiency small-to-medium scale (1-100 MWe) power production from biomass. The project is designed to create the fundamental and technical basis for successful industrial follow-up developments and demonstration projects aiming to commercial breakthrough by 2010-20. This overall aim is approached by carrying out in a pre-competitive manner well-focused activities on the key bottlenecks of advanced biomass gasification power systems.

BIOCAT - Catalyst Development For Catalytic Biomass Flash Pyrolysis Producing Promissing Liquid Bio-Fuels
(FP5 – ENK6 - 00510)

Further information

The aim of this project was to develop an efficient technology for the conversion of biomass to clean and renewable liquid bio-oil in order to introduce it as a renewable fuel for diesel engines or as a source of high value chemicals. The technology was based on catalytic biomass pyrolysis using new innovative porous catalysts and novel reactors. It included fundamental studies for the development and bench scale evaluation of the appropriate new catalysts. In a second phase the most promising catalysts were scaled up and evaluated in pilot scale in three reactor technologies. Finally the bio-oil was tested in diesel engines. The experiments performed provide the basis for kinetic and reactor modelling studies along with technoeconomical studies of the integrated technology.

BIOCORE - Biocommodity refinery (FP7 BIOREFINE 241566)
Further information

Create and demonstrate create a lignocellulosic biorefinery for sustainable processing of agricultural residues (wheat and rice straws), SRC wood (poplar) and hardwood forestry residues, into 2G biofuels, bulk chemicals, polymers, speciality molecules, heat and power. To reach this overall objective, BIOCORE will:

1) Describe how a mixed lignocellulosic feedstock-based biorefinery can be supplied with biomass, taking into account biomass handling, feedstock variability and seasonality. Biomass provisioning scenarios will be described for several different local contexts (Europe and Asia)

2) Adapt and streamline a patented organosolv technology for targeted biorefining of BIOCORE feedstocks and develop all necessary processing steps (including enzymatic hydrolysis and physico-chemical operations) to produce high quality cellulose, polymeric and oligomeric hemicellulose-derivatives, high quality lignins, heat and power from process residues

3) Develop multiple product manufacturing pipelines using a combination of advanced biotechnologies, chemical catalysis and thermochemical processes for the production of building block chemicals and polymers for bulk markets from
sugars and lignins

4) Design a complete biorefinery concept that will describe the alternative product manufacturing pathways. This will be achieved by developing integrated flowsheets and process designs that include all of the operational units, supply chain models, and economic factors

5) Demonstrate the performance of the biorefinery through an integrated approach, producing industrial scale pilots for the biorefinery complexes that are closer to the market

6) Assess the environmental, economic and social sustainability of the biorefinery concept considering the entire value chain

7) Ensure efficient technology transfer to the energy sector, chemical and biotech industries, agro and forestry sectors, and the general public and policy makers

BIOCOUP - Co-processing of upgraded bio-liquids in standard refinery units (FP6 - 518312)


This project aims to develop a chain of process steps to allow biomass feedstock to be effectively co-fed to a conventional oil refinery. Energy and oxygenated chemicals will be co-produced. The overall innovation derives from integration of bio-feedstock procurement with existing industries and processing of upgraded biomass forms in existing mineral oil refineries. It will allow a seamless integration of bio-refinery co-processing products to the end consumer for products like transport fuels and chemicals, and provide an important stimulus to biomass acceptance and technological development of biomass production routes.

BioDME - Production of DME from Biomass and utilisation as fuel for transport and for industrial use (TREN/FP7EN/218923)


The overall project objective is to demonstrate production of environmentally optimised synthetic biofuel from lignocellulosic biomass at industrial scale. The final output of this demonstration is dimethylether (DME) produced from black liquor through the production of clean synthesis gas and a final fuel synthesis step. In order to check technical standards, commercial possibilities and engine compatibilities the bio-DME will be tested in a fleet consisting of 14 Volvo trucks. Research, development and demonstration will be made of improved fuel production systems and conversion technologies for the sustainable production and supply chains of DME from biomass. DME produced from black liquor can be considered as an added-value product considering a pulpmill as a biorefinery.


BioenNW Bioenergy North West (INTERREG IVB)


The BioenNW project has been put in place to support companies, organisations and local authorities to deliver local bioenergy in parts of the UK, France, Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands. The project is focused on promoting the adoption of local bioenergy and stimulating the potential for biomass to make a substantial contribution to increasing energy security, reducing carbon emissions and creating employment.

The project will create innovative bioenergy power plants across the North West Europe, fuelled by waste on a small scale (from 5-10MW output) and will test cutting edge bioenergy technologies (e.g. combined pyrolysis and anaerobic digestion).

Bioenergy support centres in each of the Member States will offer:

  • State-of-the-art bioenergy demonstration plants
  • Feedstock testing facilities
  • Scientific demonstration facilities
  • Bioenergy decision support tools
  • Comprehensive bioenergy document library
  • Training, workshops and educational materials
  • International network of contacts and experience for bioenergy supply chain
  • Support to industry orientated projects and commercial partnership
  • Synergies with other bioenergy associations and EU funded projects

BIO-HUG Novel bioprocesses for hemicellulose up-grading (FP5 - QLK3 - 00080)
Further information

This project aimed to develop new integrated bioprocesses based on steam pre-treatment and enzymatic hydrolysis of starch derived hemicellulose containing by-products that were optimised with respect to sugar yield and fermentability. Novel enzyme cocktails tailor-made for this purpose were to be developed. New recombinant strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermenting hemicellulose hydrolysates were to be generated using metabolic engineering and directed evolutionary approaches. When integrated into existing industrial processes the new hydrolysis and fermentation technologies was expected to increase the yield of ethanol obtained from starch processing by-products.

BIOHYDROGEN: A novel bioprocess for hydrogen production from biomass for fuel (FP5 - QLK5 - 01267)
Website     Further information

The main objective of this project was the development of a system for the production of hydrogen from renewable resources that meets the specifications for application in fuel cells. In this way the advantages of fuel cells, i.e. higher energy conversion and zero emission, will become exploitable without the traditional carbon dioxide emission associated with the utilisation of fossil fuels. This goal was to be achieved through integration of the work on processing biomass from energy crops and waste streams, the development of a microbial hydrogen producing ‘factory’, and the recovery and application of the product.

BIOLYFE Demonstrating large-scale bioethanol production from lignocellulosic feedstocks (FP7-239204)

The benefits of second generation biofuels production from lignocellulosic materials are significant. The main advantages include higher per hectare productivities, better GHG (green house gas) performance and avoidance of direct competition with the food market. In order to make this technology competitive with fossil fuels, significant cost reductions and technological developments are needed while the sustainability of the overall process has to be ensured. The BIOLYFE project aims at improving critical process steps and demonstrating the whole supply chain, from feedstock sourcing via fuel production to product utilisation. The main result will be the construction of an efficient 2nd generation industrial demonstration unit with an annual output of about 40.000 tons of lignocellulosic bioethanol, which can then be used for process optimization through extensive testing.

Biomass and Waste Conversion in Supercritical Water for the Production of Renewable Hydrogen (FP5 – ENK6 - 00555)
Further information

This project aimed at the development of supercritical water gasification, a novel process for cost-effective (less than12 euro/GJH2) and energy efficient (> 60 %) conversion of wet biomass to compressed, pure hydrogen (> 98 V%).



BioProGReSs is a 3 year 5.3 Meuro project. The goal is to develop, implement and demonstrate advanced syngas cleaning based on chemical looping reforming in both a pilot and an industrial scale bioSNG plant. In addition a novel measuring technique developed at TU Berlin will be tested and implemented in order to monitor and control the gasification process.


Bio-SNG Demonstration of the Production and Utilization of Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG) from Solid Biofuels (Bio-SNG) (TREN/05/FP6EN/S07.56632/019895)


The objective of the "Bio-SNG"-project was to demonstrate SNG (Synthetic Natural Gas) production from solid biofuels and to integrate this Bio-SNG into the existing energy infrastructure (i.e. fuel station for vehicles, natural gas grid). To meet the specifications required for the gas-utilisation in vehicles or the gas-feeding into an existing natural gas grid the produced SNG will be upgraded. Cars will be operated with this upgraded renewable gaseous fuel to demonstrate the powerful application within the transportation sector.


View presentation

The BIOREFLY biojet fuel demonstration (2014-2018) involves the industrial-scale demonsration 2,000 t/y of bioefinery processes to convert lignin to aviaton fuel:

  • Validation at pre-commercial scale on novel competitive technologies for lignocellulosic-based aviation fuel production
  • Design, construction and operation of a first-of-a-kind paraffinic fuel industrial facility
  • Address the complete value chain, including the conversion of lignocellulosic energy crops and agro residues into biofuel
  • Test of jet fuel use in turbines and engines including demonstration flights

The major steps in the process are catalytic depolymerization of lignin -> separation -> hydrogenation ->dehydration -> distillation -> jet fuel

BIOSURF (Horizon 2020)

Further information

BIOSURF is an EU-funded project under the Horizon 2020 programme. The BIOSURF consortium consists of 11 partners from 7 countries and strives to increase the production and use of biomethane (from animal waste, other waste materials and sustainable biomass), for grid injection and as transport fuel, by removing non-technical barriers and by paving the way towards a European biomethane market. BIOSURF intends:

  • To develop a value chain analysis from production to use depending on the territorial, physical and economic features (specified for different areas, i.e., biofuel for transport, electricity generation, heating & cooling);
  • To analyze, compare and promote biomethane registering, labelling, certification and trade practices in Europe, in order to favor cooperation among the different countries and across border markets on the basis of the partner countries involved;
  • To address traceability, environmental criteria and quality standards, so aiming to reduce GHG emissions and indirect land-use change (iLUC), to preserver biodiversity and to assess the energy and CO2 balance;
  • To identify the most prominent drivers for CO2-emissions along the value chain as an input for future optimization approaches; and
  • To exchange information and best practices all along Europe concerning biomethane policy, regulations, support schemes and technical standards.


BIOSYNERGY - BIOmass for the market competitive and environmentally friendly SYNthesis of bio-products together with the production of secondary enERGY carriers through the biorefinery approach (FP6 - 38994)


The overall goal of BIOSYNERGY was to develop technology and conceptual designs (including integrated chain assessments) of innovative BIOrefinery processes for relevant market-competitive and environmental-friendly SYNthesis of bio-products "chemicals and /or materials" together with the production of secondary enERGY carriers' transportation fuels, power and/or CHP.

BioWALK4Biofuels - Biowaste and Algae Knowledge for the Production of 2nd Generation Biofuels (FP7)

Website    Further information

This EU-project aims to develop an innovative system for the treatment of biowaste and use of GHG emissions to produce biofuels, where macroalgae is used as a catalyser. Landfilling of biowaste is one of the major sources of methane emissions in Europe, but the treatment of biowaste still requires strong support from the EU legislation. Therefore the project addresses difficulties in the direct utilisation of biowaste, cost-efficiency and pollution in its output products. This scenario shows the necessity to innovate in the production of cleaner renewable fuels, where the utilisation of biowaste as a feedstock and algae as a biomass source can be such an alternative way.

BRISK - Biofuels Research Inftrastructure for Sharing Knowledge (FP7 284498)

Enhancing biomass utilization without risking its sustainability is a European energy priority, and can be linked to targets for curbing greenhouse gas emissions by 20% by 2020 and 50% by 2050: enhanced energy security and integration with other industrial sectors, such as agriculture, also play a role. Improved use of biofuels and products in advanced biomass conversion units and biorefineries are seen as a key element in achieving this goal. In recent years leading industrial nations have established facilities in which their researchers have addressed the challenges associated with the production of biofuels and the establishment of bio-refineries. There remains fragmentation in terms of access to high-level experimental equipment necessary for achieving significant advances in this field.

The BRISK initiative will integrate networking activities to foster a culture of co-operation between the participants in the project, and the scientific communities benefiting from access to the research infrastructures, with the pursuit of joint research activities, and facilitate transnational access by researchers to one or more infrastructures among those operated by participants in a coordinated way so as to improve the overall services available to the research communities with interests in these fields.

ButaNext (Horizon 2020)
Project information

Green Biologics is coodinator of the Horizon 2020 project ButaNext (2015 - 2018). The aims include:
(1) novel low CAPEX two-step pretreatment process that releases hemicellulose and cellulose from recalcitrant feedstocks for further enzymatic and/or fermentation processing;
(2) new tailored enzyme cocktail yielding highly fermentable sugars at low enzyme dosages and lower cost;
(3) superior clostridial strains with enhanced production characteristics i.e. butanol and inhibitor tolerance;
(4) high productivity fermentation process including a novel in-situ product recovery step.


CASCATBEL CAScade deoxygenation process using tailored nanoCATalysts for the production of BiofuELs from lignocellullosic biomass (FP7)

Aims to design, optimize and scale-up a novel multi-step process for the production of second-generation liquid biofuels from lignocellulosic biomass in a cost-efficient way through the use of next-generation high surface area tailored nano-catalysts (FP7).

CESBIC - Critical Enzymes for Sustainable Biofuels from Cellulose (European Research Area Industrial Biotechnology network).

Furher information

A research team from York University, UK, CNRS Marseille, France, University of Copenhagen and Novozymes, Denmark, and the University of Cambridge, ae carrying out a three-year (2013-2016) study that aims to better understand and improve the performance of lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs), which can convert starch to sugars, for use as bioindustrial feedstocks.

CHRISGAS - Clean Hydrogen-rich Synthesis Gas
(FP6 - 502587)

Website    Further information

The primary aim of the CHRISGAS Project was to demonstrate, within a five-year period, the production of a clean hydrogen-rich synthesis gas from biomass. This project will develop and optimise an energy-efficient and cost-efficient method to produce hydrogen-rich gas streams from biomass, residues or wastes. These gases can then be upgraded to commercial quality hydrogen or to synthesis gas for further upgrading to liquid fuels such as DME and methanol or Fischer-Tropsch diesel.



COMETHA involves the construction and operation of an integrated industrial facility for the production of second generation bioethanol and other co-products from lignocellulosic feedstock. The project builds upon the technology and processes demonstrated at Crescentino. Innovations include:

  • Proprietary biomass pre-treatment unit;
  • SSCF technology for the simultaneous saccharification of cellulose and hemicellulose and co-fermentation of glucose and pentose, with the use of novel high-performance enzymes;
  • High-efficiency integrated distillation and dehydration system;
  • Optimisation of feedstocks including dedicated perennial crops (Arundo donax) and agricultural residues;
  • Detailed life cycle assessment.

CO-PRODUCTION BIOFUELS - Integrated Biomass Utilisation for Production of Biofuels (FP5 – ENK6 - 00650)

The project aimed to develop cost and energy-effective production systems for co-production of bioethanol and electricity based on Integrated Biomass Utilisation Systems (IBUS) located on existing CHP power stations. The main features of the novel Integrated Biomass Utilisation System were based on simultaneous utilisation of biomass with high lignocellulose content (e.g. straw, waste wood and MSW), producing a surplus of electricity and energy with the ethanol production integrated with existing power plants.

DEMCAMER - Design and Manufacturing of Catalytic Membrane Reactors by developing new nano-architectured catalytic and selective membrane materials (FP7)


The aim of DEMCAMER is to develop innovative multifunctional Catalytic Membrane Reactors (CMR) based on new nano-architectured catalysts and selective membranes materials to improve their performance, durability, cost effectiveness and sustainability over four selected chemical processes, such as autothermal Reforming, Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis, Water Gas Shift, Oxidative Coupling of Methane, for pure hydrogen, liquid hydrocarbons and ethylene production. Moreover, DEMCAMER will bring the proof of concept of these novel CMRs by the set-up and validation of pilot prototypes relevant for each process.

DIBANET - Development of Integrated Biomass Approaches NETwork - Production of Sustainable Diesel Miscible Biofuels from the Residues & Wastes of Europe & Latin America (FP7)

Project website

The €3.73m DIBANET project is being co-ordinated by Carbolea at the University of Limerick and is a response to the Energy 2008 Call - "Significant enhancement of the cooperation between key researchers & industries from the EU & Latin America in the field of biofuels". There are 13 partners in the group, 6 from the EU & 7 from Latin America (LA). The total budget for the project is €3.7m. DIBANET will develop technologies to help towards eliminating the need for fossil diesel imports in the EU & LA by advancing the art in the production of ethyl-levulinate from organic wastes and residues. Ethyl levulinate (EL) is a novel diesel miscible biofuel (DMB) produced by esterifying ethanol with levulinic acid.


DISCO - Targeted DISCOvery of novel cellulases and hemicellulases and their reaction mechanisms for hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass (FP7)


The aims of the DISCO project are to develop more efficient and cost-effective enzyme tools to produce bioethanol from lignocellulosic biomass, and understand how these enzymes work. The project is led by VTT, Finland.

To date exploitation has been challenging because of the nature of the raw material. The densely compacted and complex structure of lignocellulose, whilst making plants and trees tough, also makes it very resistant to degradation. It must be broken down into much simpler sugar molecules, which can then be fermented into bioethanol. The DISCO project aims to find novel enzymes which can perform both the breakdown and fermentation steps more efficiently than at present, perhaps using completely new modes of action. The enzymes will also be recyclable, so further increasing efficiency in the process.

The most promising enzymes will be tested in a pilot scheme using the most relevant European material, softwood and wheat straw. As well as enzyme discovery, the project will look to better understand the enzyme reactions and what limits their rate.


ECODIESEL High effiency biodiesel plant with minimum GHG emissions for improved fame production from various raw materials (FP7 - 219040)

Further information

Coordinator: Acciona Biocombustibles, Spain

The project will demonstrate a 200.000 t/year capacity flexible FAME production plant, starting from different kinds of raw material oils, with the aim of reducing 40% of the CO2 balance compared to the well to wheel emissions of a conventional fossil diesel plant, through the following measures: to develop an integrated transesterification process, linked to the neighbouring crushing process through pipeline connections for raw material and energy steam supply to the process, and creating a whole pipeline system for transport of all raw materials and final products, thus critically reducing transport costs and emissions, and boosting drastically the environmental performance of the plant in order to obtain higher energy and CO2 balances from the production process to develop a Sustainability Due Diligence Model for Jatropha oil production, well above the current state of the art, able to be applied to the production of this biodiesel crop outside and inside the EU.

The model will be applied to the study case of a Jatropha plantaion in Mexico. to demonstrate Jatropha cultivation in Southern EU, and to research on the selection of the mewest species -plants/genotypes- best appropriate for biodiesel production. Attention will focus on analyzing non-toxic/non carcinogenic versus toxic accessions including aspects of plant protection given the potential of multiple applications of the protein-rich by-products, such as animal feed and/or other valuable components. to develop an online analyzer for Biodiesel characterization at industrial scale, based on the integration of state of the art detection systems and process reaction control software. This will give immediate quantitative results to assist in the manufacturing process of biodiesl, by confirming that the transesterification process has reached the percentage yield required to research on the filtrability of biodiesel, in order to analyze the possibility that some compounds may reduce the fluidity of the biofuel through the car engine filters or other narrow components The obtained biodiesel will fulfil the highest quality standard levels, and will include the novelty of an environmental calculation on CO2 emission savings, by means of life cycle analyses (LCA) obtained through the real project data. This is an industry-driven project.

EuroBioRef - EUROpean multilevel integrated BIOREFinery design for sustainable biomass processing (FP7 BIOREFINE 241718)


The development and implementation of bio-refinery processes is an absolute necessity and the key to meet the vision towards bio-based economy. The EuroBioRef concept is an integrated, sustainable and diversified bio-refinery involving all biomass value chain stakeholders. The latter will allow large-scale research, testing, optimisation and demonstration of processes in the production of a wide range of products with the dual aim to use all fractions of various biomasses and exploit their potential to produce the highest value possible in an eco-efficient and sustainable way. Moreover, the project attempts to overcome the efforts fragmentation of the whole biomass value chain requiring greater networking, coordination and cooperation among a large variety of actors from biochemical and chemical industry, SMEs, scientific knowledge chain, and European organisations. The new concept will adopt a flexible and a modular process design adapted to large- but also small-scale production units easier to install in various European areas. The overall efficiency of this approach will clearly exceed existing pathways and will consider sustainable options in order to:

  • Produce and use a high diversity of sustainable biomasses adapted for European regions
  • Produce high specific energy bio-jet fuels (42 MJ/kg)
  • Produce multiple products (chemicals, polymers, materials) in a flexible and optimised way that take advantage of the differences in biomass components and intermediates
  • Improve cost-efficiency by 30% through improved reaction and separation
    effectiveness, reduced capital investments, improved plant and feedstock flexibility, reduction of production time and logistics
  • Reduce by 30% the energy
  • Produce zero waste and rationalise use of raw materials
  • The impact of the project in terms of environment, social and economic benefits is important and could give a serious advantage for European bio-industry.


EMPYRO - Polygeneration through pyrolysis: Simultaneous production of oil, process steam, electricity and organic acids (FP7 - 239357)


The EMPYRO project started in December 2009 and will run until November 2013. The main aim of the project is to build and demonstrate a 25 MWth polygeneration pyrolysis plant to produce electricity, process steam and fuel oil from woody biomass. The produced fuel oil can be used on-site, sold to a regional customer or exported. The project also aims at developing and demonstrating the recovery of acetic acid from the aqueous organic acid solution that is produced as part of the pyrolysis oil production process.


FABbiogas - BIOGAS production from organic waste in the European Food And Beverage (FAB) industry


The amount of residues generated in the manufacturThe EU project FABbiogas (Intelligent Energy Europe) project aspires to change the mindsets of all stakeholders in the waste-to-energy chain by promoting residues from FAB industry as a new and renewable energy source for biogas production. Project outputs will support the diversification of energy sources within FAB companies, leading to wide-spread valorization and efficient integration of FAB residues into energy systems and boosting the realization of a growing number of biogas projects in Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy and Poland.


FibreEtOH - Bioethanol from paper fibres separated from solid waste, MSW (FP7 239341)

Further information

The innovative focus in the FibreEtOH project is to demonstrate for the first time globally in a commercial scale, a cost efficient paper fibre based ethanol production with high, > 70 % overall energy efficiency with high > 50 % green house gas reduction. 2nd generation ethanol production technology has been developed using mainly corn stover, straw or saw dust as raw material. So far reliable and cost efficient hydrolysis technology has been the bottleneck for large scale commercial success.

By using paper fibres separated from commercial and municipal solid waste or de-inking sludge at paper mills, the hydrolysis process will be significantly easier as no pretreatment and special fractionation process is needed. It is estimated that such raw material is available in quantities for more than one million t/a ethanol production capacity.

GLYFINERY - Sustainable and integrated production of liquid biofuels bioenergy and green chemicals from glycerol in biorefineries (FP7 - 213506)


Since the volume of the glycerol-byproduct has already started to exceed the current market need, the biodiesel producers are requesting new methods for sustainable glycerol management. The GLYFINERY project is targeted to development of a novel technology based on biological conversion of the glycerol by-product into known and new, advanced liquid biofuels, bioenergy and valuable biochemicals in an integrated biorefinery concept.

GREENSYNGAS - Advanced Cleaning Devices for Production of Green Syngas (FP7 - 213628)


the project’s key goal is the development of a novel gas cleanup and upgrading in order to reduce impurities from gasifier product gas to the limits required for upgrading the produced gas using as feedstock in the production of vehicle fuels

High Temperature Ethanol Fermentation of Lignocellulosic Waste (ECLAIR - AGRE - 0063)
Further information

The objective of this project was to develop a laboratory scale pilot plant to test a novel continuous fermentation process based on the thermophilic bacteria, Bacillus stearothermophilus that was capable of using the pentose sugars derived from hydrolysis of low-cost agricultural wastes.

HYPE High efficiency consolidated bioprocess technology for lignocellulose ethanol (FP7 213139)


Further information

Lignocellulosic bioethanol has the potential of contributing to a sustainable and secure European energy supply for the transport sector. European research and industry is presently among the forerunners in developing lignocellulosic bioethanol. Although a number of technical breakthroughs have been achieved during the last decade, some key technical issues especially concerning the hydrolysis and fermentation still remain to be solved.

In the HYPE project, a combined approach is used to develop a novel integrated concept for hydrolysis and fermentation of lignocellulosic feedstocks. Improved enzymatic hydrolysis, fermentation of all carbohydrates, process development as well as high flexibility to feedstocks and technical robustness are among the goals of HYPE. The technologies included in HYPE will be combined into a one unit continuous consolidated bioprocessing reactor including hydrolysis, fermentation and ethanol recovery. The consolidated bioprocessing developed in the HYPE project is expected to significantly improve the overall process economy through a reduced process time, improved enzyme efficiency and high yield of all carbohydrates.



HYVOLUTION Non-thermal production of pure hydrogen from biomass (FP6 - 19825)


The aim of this project is the development of a blue-print for an industrial bioprocess for decentral hydrogen production from locally produced biomass. If sucessful it will add to the number and diversity of H2 production routes giving greater security of supply at the local and regional level, contributing to the overall strategy expected in the transition to a Hydrogen Economy.

Integrated Chemicals and Fuels Recovery from Pyrolysis Liquids Generated by Ablative Pyrolysis (AIR2-CT93-0889)
Further information

The objective of this project was to operate and optimize the performance of two laboratory scale pyrolysis reactors in order to derive an optimum configuration and develop a common modelling procedure for scale-up. Associated objectives include assessment of the potential to recover high value speciality chemicals and commodities from the liquid products and determination of basic physical and physio-chemical properties. The possibility of using the residual liquid as an alternative fuel will also be assessed as valorization of this material is essential for economic viability of an integrated process.

KACELLE Kalundborg Cellulosic Ethanol Project (FP7)
Further information

The aim of the KACELLE project is to bring the patented Inbicon Core Technology from a pre-commercial level to a near-commercial level, making the technology available in the market and attractive to investors.

The project will demonstrate 4 t/hr continuous operation at industrial scale and further develop selected process steps resulting in significant cost cuts in ethanol production.

The aim is to:

  • Reduce the energy consumption
  • Improve the water balance
  • Add a fermentation step for C5 sugars
  • Reduce the enzyme consumption
  • Increase the plant capacity.

The ethanol produced will be characterized and tested in engine test rigs and in cars, thus covering the whole value chain from the straw entrance to the gate of the ethanol plant production to end-users in cars.

The process will be assessed from an environmental perspective through LCA analysis and results will be published for scientific purposes and for expanding the use of the technology to future business partners.


LED (Large Ethanol Demonstration)

Further information


NEMO - Novel high performance enzymes and micro-organisms for conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to bioethanol


The NEMO project (Novel high performance enzymes and micro-organisms for conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to bioethanol) will last four years, and develops the next, 2nd generation production technology for the utilisation of lignocellulose raw material in the production of ethanol. The cost-effective production of the next generation biofuel requires the technology to be developed further. The NEMO project focuses on the pre-processing methods, hydrolysing cellulose using enzymes and the fermentation of the created sugars using tailored microbes.


NEWAPP - New technological applications for wet biomass waste stream products (FP7)

Further information

Aims to develop hydrothermal carbonization HTC processes to convert wet biomass into biocoal at 'moderate' temperatures and pressures in the presence of water. The process also yields a water phase rich in plant nutrients.

NILE - New Improvements for Ligno-cellulosic Ethanol (FP6 - 1982)
Website    Further information

This project covers new technologies for efficient conversion of lignocellulose to bioethanol that will be verified using a fully integrated pilot plant providing reliable data for the design of a future demonstration unit. It aims to overcoming critical steps in process development by decreasing the cost of enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulose to fermentable sugars using new engineered enzyme systems and removing current intrinsic limitations in the conversion of fermentable sugars to ethanol by constructing inhibitor-tolerant pentose-fermenting industrial yeast strains, and combining fermentation and saccharification and then validating the engineered enzyme systems and yeast strains in the pilot plant using softwood and wheat straw as model feedstock. Validation will include all process steps and recycling of process streams.

OPTFUEL - Optimised fuels for sustainable transport


OPTFUEL aims at the demonstration of the production chain of synthetic fuels from biomass (BtL) and the potential of pollutants emissions reduction in vehicle applications. Starting with the plantation of 200 ha of fast growing trees up to the testing of the fuel in vehicles the project will pave the way for a large scale BtL production.

PHOTOFUEL (Horizon2020 2015-2019)
Project information

PHOTFUEL - Biocatalytic solar fuels for sustainable mobility in Europe - aims to demonstrate technology for producing drop-in hydrocarbon fuel components excreted direcly by microbial fuel cells using sunlight, CO2 and water. The project is coordinated by Volkswagen AG.

PLANT POWER - Living plants in microbial fuel cells for clean, renewable, sustainable, efficient, in-situ bioenergy production (FP7 - ENERGY.2008.10.1.1 Future Emerging Technologies (FET))


Living plants in microbial fuel cells might be used as future large-scale Europe wide green energy providers. Such a system can produce in-situ 24 hours per day green electricity or biohydrogen without harvesting the plants. That this might become true was indicated by our first small scale proof of principle experiments describing the so called Plant Microbial Fuel Cell (Plant-MFC) (Strik, 2008; De Schamphelaire, 2008). The Plant-MFC aims to transform solar radiation into green electricity or biohydrogen in a clean and efficient manner. In the Plant-MFC concept, living plants and living microbes form an electrochemical system that is capable of sustainable production of green electricity or biohydrogen from solar energy. By its nature, the Plant-MFC is in potential 5 times more efficient than conventional bio-energy systems. The technology might be implemented in several ways, ranging from local small scale electricity providers to large scale energy wetlands and islands, high-tech energy and food supplying greenhouses and novel biorefineries. This way, affordable bioenergy maybe produced in Europe as well as in developing countries. Plant-MFCs can be integrated in landscapes invisibly which makes this technology socially highly acceptable. However, exploration of new areas of science and technology is necessary to overcome Plant-MFCs bottlenecks and to make this principally clean, renewable and sustainable technology come true. It is now time to show that significant independent European biofuel and bioelectricity production is possible; we propose that Plant-MFCs can be an excellent choice for our future. We expect that Plant-MFC technology can at least cover 20% of Europe s primary energy need in a real clean and sustainable way. The Plant-MFC concept has several attractive qualities which can provide the significant break through for sustainable energy production in Europe. It will reinforcing competitiveness of Europe since Plant-MFC is world-wide implementable.

PROETHANOL2G - An EU-Brazil Collaborative project on Integration of Biology and Engineering into an Economical and Energy-Efficient 2G Bioethanol Biorefinery (FP7)


PROETHANOL2G project focus on the effective integration and development of advanced technologies through the combined use of Biology and Engineering for the production of second generation (2G) bioethanol, from the most representatives European (wheat straw) and Brazilian (sugarcane bagasse and straw) feedstocks.

The research activities are concentrated in the following areas:
i) Feedstock pre-treatment
ii) conversion technologies to second generation (2G) bioethanol
iii) conversion technologies (using the bioprocess-derived materials) for electricity and other added-value materials
iv) full process integration and sustainability assessment

The effective combination of pre-treatment, enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation using adapted and robust strains displaying new phenotype features, is a clear objective of this proposal since is the key to the economic lignocellulosic ethanol production.

The project aims to get a meaningful technological process integration of:
i) For Europe: energy-efficient production of bioethanol and electricity from 100% of wheat straw
ii) For Brazil: energy-efficient production of bioethanol, sugar and electricity from 100% utilization of sugarcane crop, including bagasse and straw.

SECTOR Production of Solid Sustainable Energy Carriers from Biomass by Means of Torrefaction (FP7 282826)

More information

The current SECTOR project is focussed on the further development of torrefaction-based technologies for the production of solid bioenergy carriers up to pilot-plant scale and beyond and on supporting market introduction of torrefaction-based bioenergy carriers as a commodity renewable solid fuel. The core of the project concerns the further development of torrefaction and densification technology for a broad biomass feedstock range including clean woody biomass, forestry residues, agro-residues and imported biomass. Production recipes will be optimised on the basis of extensive logistics and end-use testing. Much attention will be given to the development, quality assurance and standardisation of dedicated analysis and test methods. The experimental work will be accompanied by extensive desk studies to define major biomass-to-end-use value chains, design deployment strategies and scenarios, and conduct a full sustainability assessment. The results will be fed into CEN/ISO working groups and international sustainability forums.

STEELANOL (Horizon 2020, 2015-2018)
Project information

The Horizon2020 STEELANOL project is based on producing bioethanol via an innovative gas fermentation process using exhaust gases emitted by the steel industry. The project is coordinated by Arcelormittal Belgium NV.

SUNLIQUID (FP7, 2014-2018)

The SUNLIQUID project aims to develop of a large-scale (~€225 million) demonstration plant based on the Clariant sunliquid® process for the production of cellulosic ethanol from agricultural residues. The EC is providing support of €23 million. The project includes participants from Ausria, Germany and Hungary, with Clariant as the Coodinaor.


SUPER METHANOL Reforming of Crude Glycerine in Supercr itical Water to produce Methanol for Re-Use in Biodiesel Plants (FP7-212180)


The overall project objective is to produce methanol from crude glycerine, and re-use the methanol in the biodiesel plant. This project aims to improve the energy balance, carbon performance, sustainability and overall economics of biodiesel production. The work expands on expertise generated by the consortium on reforming of glycerine in supercritical water, and to produce a synthesis gas suitable for direct once-through methanol synthesis (GtM - Glycerine to Methanol). Producers will be less dependent on the methanol spot price, there is a (partial) security of methanol supply, and their by-product is used as a green, sustainable feedstock.

SUPRA-BIO Sustainable products from economic processing of biomass in highly integrated biorefineries (FP7 BIOREFINE 241640)

Economic and sustainable production of fuels, chemicals and materials from biomass requires capture of the maximum energy and monetary value from sustainable feedstock. SUPRA-BIO achieves this by focussing on innovative research and development of critical unit operations, by using process intensification to match economic production to the scale of available feedstock and by process integration that provides energy from process waste, optimises utilities to minimise environmental impact and maximises value from the product mix. A technology toolbox for conversion and separation operations is developed that adapts to various scenarios of product mix and feedstock. These are contextualized by full life cycle and economic analysis of potential biorefinery schemes. Based on lignocellulose, microbial/organic waste or microalgae feedstock, innovation and intensification are used to improve the economics and carbon efficiency of fractionation, separation, bio and thermochemical conversions to produce biofuels, intermediates and high value products. Strain selection, genetic manipulation, molecular design and nanocatalysis are used to improve productivity and selectivity; reactor design, intensification and utilities integration for economics. Fermentation to 2,3 butanediol is demonstrated. Mono and multiculture processes are researched for high value products and feedstock streams. Separation is developed for omega oils and specific lignochemicals. Nano and biocatalytic processes are developed for biofuels and bioactive molecules. Integration into potential biorefinery schemes is explored in laboratory pilots of integrated reactors, by piloting on sidestreams, by exchanging separated fractions between partners and by process evaluations. The project includes all the scientific, engineering and industrial skills required to produce the step changes required for biorefineries to impact significantly on realising the aims of the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan.




Promotes the production of biogas on organic farms in Europe.


ThermalNet- An integrated network on thermal biomass conversion for power, heat and transport fuels
(Altener EIE-04-38647)

Website     Further information

This network provides a forum to review and help resolve the technical and non-technical barriers that may be encountered in implementing three important biomass conversion technologies (pyrolysis, gasification and combustion). It also provides a high level of interaction between the technologies and barriers so that all the technology areas can benefit from the experience and knowledge of the others. The whole chain is considered from biomass production to end-use applications so that the important interfaces can be addressed.


2NDVEGOIL - Demonstration of 2nd generation vegetable oil fuels in advanced engines (219004)


This proposal covers research and demonstration on 2nd generation vegetable oil fuels in advanced engines. It follows a double strategy: engines as well as the fuel are adapted such that both match and the combination allows for achieving high engine performance at minimum fuel consumption fitting with most severe emission limits. The objectives are - to widen the range of considered oils, - to research on and demonstrate additives for vegetable oils, - to research on and demonstrate improved engine oils, - to achieve EU stage 4 / US TIER4 emission levels in medium-scale demonstration fleets running in France, Austria, Germany and Poland, - to transfer the engine and fuel concepts to hybrid engines, allowing to achieve forthcoming EURO6 emission levels, - to prepare proposals for future fuel standards. The outcome of the project includes advanced engine and fuel concepts for vegetable oil and the preparation of a European standard for 2nd generation vegetable oil.


Baltic Biogas Bus (part financed by European Region Development Fund)

View website

The Baltic Biogas Bus project will stimulate cities and regions around the Baltic Sea to use biogas driven buses. The project aims to show cost effective solutions on biogas production as well as distribution and use in buses.

To secure the supply of biogas in the region biogas production technology will be studied and the regional potential for biogas production will be estimated.

Technological solutions for distribution of biogas and adaptation of bus depots will be analysed and an overview of regional infrastructure planning will be presented. To create a foundation for specifications of biogas bus requirements to present to bus producers operational experiences from use of biogas buses will be analysed and emissions from biogas driven buses verified.

Strategies, policies, financing and regulatory framework to facilitate biogas bus use will be studied. A Manual on “How to introduce biogas buses” will be created and guide the production of implementation plans for several cities.


BEAUTY - Bio-ethanol engine for advanced urban transport by light commercial & heavy-duty captive fleets (DG Research)

More information

The aim is to promote the use of Biofuels by the development of dedicated solutions (engines, combustion technologies and fuels) based on the use of bioethanol for local fleets in urban context. The project will define engine solutions based on three different technology pathways to meet the following targets: Future emission limits (Euro 6); Fuel conversion efficiency (at least 10% higher than that of a today SI engine running on equivalent bioethanol blends); Cold startability down to -15°C of ambient temperature. The solutions will start from existing powertrains by adapting and optimising powertrains, systems (including aftertreatment), components and materials according to the given technology.

BEST - BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport (FP6/Bfuel/019854/2005)


The BEST proposal will demonstrate an extensive substitution of petrol and diesel by bioethanol in both light and heavy vehicles. The project will simultaneously introduce bioethanol for transport on a large scale in several European countries, in order to achieve market breakthrough for ethanol-fuelled vehicles. The demonstrations of bioethanol vehicle fleets in BEST will be carried out in close co-operation between cities/regions, fleet owners, car manufacturers, fuel producers and fuelling stations.

BIOMASTER Biomethane for Transport (IEE)


The BIOMASTER Project aims to engage with people and processes to enable a significant breakthrough in the uptake of biomethane for transport. The four participating regions in BIOMASTER, Malopolska Region (Poland), Norfolk County (United Kingdom), Skåne Region (Sweden) and Trentino Province (Italy), are working together to promote biomethane production, its grid injection and use for transport. They are undertaking a joint initiative involving all these key components of the biomethane chain, stimulating investment, lobbying to remove non-technological barriers and mobilising action for uptake.

BIOMASTER intends to prove that biomethane for transport can be an operational and viable option in spite of the regulatory and fiscal barriers that hamper its replication. The 4 participating regions are ready to exploit the potential of biomethane production and use for transport to overcome the current impasse and bring the key components of the biomethane chain into a joint initiative, stimulating investments, removing non-technological barriers and mobilising action for uptake. The qualifying characters of BIOMASTER are the commitment of a "waste-to-wheel" partnership, the set-up of networks to involve local stakeholders, the intention to address the potential sources of biomethane production, the potential for total production and use, the available distribution modes, and the legal, organisational and financial barriers. A key ambition of the project is to focus on biomethane grid injection. The goal is to bridge the knowledge and operational gaps fragmenting the biomethane chain and to establish local alliances of stakeholders to foster open dialogue and create a mutual understating"

BIOSCOPES - Biodiesel: Improvement on Standards, Co-ordination of Producers & Ethanol Studies

Final report

BISCOPES focused on the revision of available test methods for biodiesel and the development of a new method for the determination of polyunsaturated fatty acid methyl esters and for scientific studies on the connection between oxidation stability and other cumulative parameters of biodiesel. Work on the improvement of the test method was initiated by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN, Comité Européen de Normalisation). The advances in test methodology were made over two years by the Biodiesel Quality Management Work Group (AGQM) together with partners from Italy, France, Austria and Germany.

CORE Jet-FUEL - Coordinating research and innovation of jet and other sustainable aviation fuel

Further information

The CORE-JetFuel project supports the European Commission in its dynamic and informed implementation of research and innovation projects in the field of sustainable alternative fuels for aviation. It links initiatives and projects at the EU and Member State level, serving as a focal point in this area to all public and private stakeholders. CORE-JetFuel addresses competent authorities, research institutions, feedstock and fuel producers, distributors, aircraft and engine manufactures, airlines and NGOs.

The project will evaluate the research and innovation “landscape” in order to develop and implement a strategy for sharing information, for coordinating initiatives, projects and results and to identify needs in research, standardisation, innovation and deployment, as well as policy measures at European level. Bottlenecks of research and innovation will be identified and, where appropriate, recommendations for the European Commission will be elaborated with respect to re-orientation and re-definition of priorities in the funding strategy. The project work will cover the entire alternative fuel production chain, divided into four thematic domains: 1. Feedstocks and sustainability; 2. conversion technologies and radical concepts; 3. technical compatibility, certification and deployment; 4. policies, incentives and regulation. Both, evolutionary technologies for short and medium-term implementation as well as potentially disruptive technologies as long-term options, will be analysed.


FUTRE (FP7) - Future Prospects on transport Evolution and Innovation Challenges for the Competitiveness of Europe


FUTRE project will highlight which future challenges and demand drivers can have a considerable impact on the global demand patterns in the passenger and the freight transport and how this might affect the competitiveness of related industries and service providers. In doing so, it aims at bridging the gap between the manifold studies on the future of the European transport system and its subsections on the one hand, and, on the other hand, the issue of competitiveness that needs to be supported by targeted research strategies.


Green Gas Grids (IEE)


The GreenGasGrids project supports the upgrading of biogas to biomethane for injection into the natural gas grid. Biomethane can be used in the same efficient and versatile manner as natural gas: for transportation, heat and electricity.

ITAKA - Initiative Towards sustAinable Kerosene for Aviation (FP7)

ITAKA will look at removing the barriers to the use of sustainable biofuels in aviation and contribute to the EC’s ‘Biofuel Flight Path Initiative’ annual production target of two million tonnes of biofuel for aviation by 2020.

The project aims to produce sustainable renewable aviation fuel and to test its use in existing logistic systems and in normal flight operations in Europe. The project will also link supply and demand by establishing relationships among feedstock growers and producers, biofuel producers, distributors, and airlines.

As feedstock, ITAKA targets European camelina oil and used cooking oil, in order to meet a minimum of 60% on greenhouse gas emission saving compared to the fossil Jet A1. The project aims to certify the entire supply chain of the renewable aviation fuel, based on the Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels (RSB) EU RED standard. In addition, the production and use of camelina as a biofuel feedstock will also be assessed with regards to its contribution to food and feed markets and its potential impact on direct and Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC).

The research will also evaluate the economic, social and regulatory implications of the large-scale biofuels utilisation in aviation. Consortium members include feedstock production (BIOTEHGEN and Camelina Company España); renewable fuel production (Neste Oil and RE-CORD); fuel logistics (CLH and SkyNRG); air transport (Airbus, EADS IW UK, Embraer and SENASA); and sustainability assessment (EADS IW France, EPFL and MMU).


METHAPU - Validation of renewable methanol based auxiliary power systems for commercial vessels (FP6)


Invesitgating the use of Methanol and solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology for shipping. A major aim of the project is to support the introduction of necessary regulations to allow the use of methanol as a marine fuel. The specific components of the technology to be validated are methanol fuel bunkering, distribution, storage system and methanol consuming SOFC unit.

RENEW - Renewable Biofuels for Advanced Powertrains
(FP6 - 502705)

Website     Further information

This project aims to develop and assess various production chains for motor vehicle fuels. Lignocelluloses biomass sources will be used as feedstock to produce synthesis gas from which various vehicle fuels can be derived: CH4, methanol/DME, ethanol (thermo-chemical and enzymatic pathway) and a novel biomass-to-liquid (BTL) fuel. The project will develop and evaluate the respective processing technologies with a view to producing cost effective premium fuels for current and future combustion engines from a wide range of feedstock.

SWAFEA - Sustainable Way for Alternative Fuel and Energy in Aviation


Feasibility Study and Impact Assessment on the Use of Alternative Fuels, including Biofuels, for Aviation. Its purpose is to build a vision for the deployment of alternative fuels and energies in aviation by synthesis of the present knowledge about alternative fuels. Which fuels can be introduced in aviation and how? The project will propose a vision and a roadmap for their deployment. The ultimate goal is to provide policy makers with information and decision elements.

Urban Biogas (IEE)


Biogas production from waste has the potential to contribute to the European waste and renewable energy targets. Adjacent upgrading to biomethane quality and grid injection in the natural gas distribution network is an opportunity to efficiently use renewable energy in urban areas. This Waste-to-Biomethane (WtB) approach is promoted by the UrbanBiogas project.

BIODIENET - Developing a network of actors to stimulate demand for locally produced biodiesel from used cooking oils (EIE/06/090/S12.448899)


BioDieNet aims to involve Energy Agencies across Europe in the local production and distribution of biodiesel from used cooking oils (UCO), stimulating demand for higher concentrations of this biofuel. The 17 partners in 10 regions will form a network to share expertise and experience and provide specific, practical information, education, dedicated tools and support to help set up and maintain projects which result in greater uptake of locally-produced biodiesel by public and private vehicle fleets as well as individual vehicle owners.

BIODIESEL CHAINS - Promoting favourable conditions to establish biodiesel market actions (EIE/05/113/S12.420022)


The Biodiesel Chains project aims to understand & promote favourable conditions for the establishment of biodiesel market chains in selected countries which have had limited developments to date. The work focuses on countries – Greece, Belgium, Poland, Cyprus, Romania & Bulgaria – that are making limited progress in creating markets to achieve European liquid biofuel policies & targets.

BIOFUEL MARKETPLACE - Web-based Biofuel Marketplace for Supporting the e-commerce of Biofuel Products and Technologies (EIE/05/022/S12.420009)


The Biofuel Marketplace project will act as an interactive web-based forum where Europe’s biofuel actors can promote their technologies, exchange ideas, sell and buy biofuel products, disseminate results of national, international and European research activities and raise the awareness both of the public and the professional community. The on-line supply and demand information system is expected to encourage the further exploitation of the EU biofuels potential.


BIO-TIC The Industrial Biotech Research and Innovation Platforms Centre - towards Technological Innovation and solid foundations for a growing industrial biotech sector in Europe (FP7)



BIO-TIC seeks to define product segments and applications that promise significant potential for Europe’s industry and society by 2030. BIO-TIC has identified 5 major “bio-Business cases” which are EU-competitive and have the potential to introduce cross-cutting technology ideas. These are:

  • Bioplastics PHA and PLA
  • Building blocks
  • Biofuels
  • Biosurfactants
  • CO2-based chemicals

In addition to the business cases, BIO-TIC is developing three in-depth “bio-Roadmaps”. These will focus on the market potential, R&D priorities and non-technological hurdles of IB innovation. In particular, the market roadmap will provide market projections until 2030. The technology roadmap will focus on setting R&D priorities and identifying needs for pilot and demonstration of plant activities. Last but not least, the non-technological barriers roadmap will identify regulatory and non-technological hurdles that may inhibit industrial biotech innovation reaching new market opportunities. The final roadmaps will be released in July 2015.

CAB-CEP (BIOFUELS CITIES) - Biofuel Cities European Partnership (FP6 - 020085)


The Biofuel Cities project develops and maintains the 'Biofuel Cities European Partnership' in order to demonstrate the broadscale use of new and innovative biofuel technologies. Biofuel Cities covers the complete chain from feedstock to biofuels production, distribution and utilisation in vehicle fleets. The 'Biofuel Cities European Partnership' is set up with the aim to become a permanent institution.

CARBON LABELLING - Carbon Efficiency Labelling & Bio-Blending for Optimising benefits of Biodiesel & Additive Use (EIE/06/015/S12.442654)


The Carbon Labelling project implements several labelling measures in Europe which focus on transportation products and services with low CO2 emissions. The project promotes biodiesel, fuel efficiency improvements and ‘low carbon’ freight services. This first European carbon labelling initiative helps meeting greenhouse gas reduction targets of the European Union, reduces petroleum dependence and helps to combat climate change.

ELOBIO Effective and Low-disturbing Biofuels (EIE-07-139-S12.467616)


This project develops low-disturbing policy options, enhancing biofuels but minimising the impacts on e.g. food and feed markets, and markets of biomass for power and heat. The project consists of a review of current experiences with biofuels and other RE policies and their impacts on other markets, iterative stakeholder-supported development of low-disturbing biofuels policies, model-supported assessment of these policies' impacts on food & feed and lignocellulosic markets, and finally an assessment of the selected optimal policies on biofuels costs and potentials.

GasHighWay (IEE)


Will promote the uptake of gaseous vehicle fuels, namely upgraded biogas (biomethane) and compressed natural gas (CNG), as well as the production and upgrading of biogas for vehicle fuel. The long-term objective of the project is to promote the realisation of a network of filling stations for biomethane and natural gas reaching from the northernmost tip of Europe, Finland and Sweden, to the south, Italy.

MADEGASCAR - Market development for gas driven cars (IEE)

MADEGASCAR (Market development for gas driven cars) is a project operating from September 2007 to January 2010, funded by the IEE programme. The project aims at developing the market for gas driven vehicles – natural gas and biomethane fuelled vehicles – with the overall goal to increase the number of energy efficient and alternative fuelled vehicles in European countries. The project will address existing barriers by creating more acceptance on the consumer side, educating fleet owners as well as car dealers, incentive programmes and by awareness raising and information activities. On the other side activities for a better supply infrastructure (fuel stations) and market structure, including the integration of biogas, will be carried out.


Market-up aims to identify barriers (both social and technical) and drivers for the market uptake of transport research results along Aeronautics, Air, Road, Rail and Waterborne transport. Via this identification process, a contribution will be made to the increased role of the transport sector in delivering a low carbon economy. Market Up will also create the necessary tools to enable the achievement of two main goals:

a) that research results are utilised by the market and

b) that European research support covers all actors, including the weakest ones.

Through the involvement of NCP’s, technological platforms and SME networks, MARKET-UP project will create the basis for a network with potential to become the first step towards the formation and development of a consolidated structure for the support of SMEs, acting both as Technology Seekers (Pull) and Solvers (Push). This will be done, building on the knowledge, tools and services developed in the project and will be also supported by the EU research funds instruments available for SMEs.

BIOMAP - Development of Timer-enabled Mapping and Dissemination Tool for Biofuels Projects (Co-financed through FP7)

Project Website     Online BioMap Tool

A consortium of 6 international partners from Europe and Australia proposed to develop a powerful and fully accessible “Time-enabled Mapping and Dissemination Tool for Biofuels Projects” to facilitate the dissemination of projects (including biofuel production facilities, testing of biofuels in car fleets, use of biofuels in municipalities and research projects under the European Commission’s framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development) that are either ongoing or have been completed but are still running under market conditions.


Global Research initiatives open to EU participants

The portal Access4.eu includes a searchable list of research and innovation programmes which welcome EU participation in various fields. Covers countries such as Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, India, Mexico, New Zealand, Russia, South Africa, South Korea & USA.